In accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PP-4754 “On measures on further improvement of the alternative dispute resolution mechanisms” dated June 17, 2020, starting from 1 August 2020 the Appeal Boards for the pre-trial settlement of disputes between individuals, legal entities and government agencies (hereinafter referred to as the Appeal Board) will be established as an experiment in:
– State Customs Committee;
– The State Committee for Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography and the State Cadaster;
– Pension Fund under the Ministry of Finance;
– regional administrations (khokimiyats) of Namangan, Bukhara and Tashkent regions.
The main objectives of the Appeal Board are:
– take measures to resolve disputes arising between individuals, legal entities and government agencies by means of pre-trial process and adoption of settlement;
– take measures to organise in the established process an official interpretation of the acts of the law in case of discrepancies, incorrect or contradictory practice of their application when considering appeals;
– introduce proposals on bridging the gaps in the legislation identified during the consideration of appeals.
The Appeals Board adopts a settlement that has a recommendatory nature and within 3 days sends it to the head of the state body for consideration and to other interested parties for their information. The head of the state body or his deputy which accepted the settlement can take into account or reject it and within 3 days notify in writing or electronic means the Appeal Board and the parties of the decision.
The decree also provides for the establishment and implementation of activities as NGOs such as:
– Mediation Center – by uniting professional mediators involved in alternative methods of dispute resolution;
– The Center for Dispute Resolution by alternative methods – by uniting professional mediators, arbitration courts and international arbitrations.
The main objectives of the centers are:
– create conditions for the introduction of alternative dispute resolution procedures in mediation, the activities of arbitration courts and international arbitrations;
– conduct proceedings based on the principle of non-interference in activities concerned with the consideration of cases in mediation, arbitration courts and international arbitrations;
– organise training courses for the preparation and professional development of specialists in the field of mediation, arbitration courts and international arbitration;
– assist in development and widespread of mediation and other methods of alternative dispute resolution by organising seminars, trainings and conferences in this field.